By Rick Boxx
公司領袖的自我意識與公司的成功或獲利能力有何關係？這是澳洲瑪奎理管理研究所（Macquarie Graduate School of Management）在作一項研究時所檢視的一個有趣問題。
本文版權為正直資源中心（Integrity Resource Center, Inc.）所有。本文獲得授權改編自「瑞克．博克思 的正直時刻Integrity Moments with Rich Boxx」。這系列的文章是以一個基督徒的觀點評論職場的正直議題。
你是否曾為自我陶醉（總是想讓別人注意自己）的人工作過？若有，那是怎麼樣的情況？你對那人有何感覺？ 你想為何被謙卑領袖領導的公司比渴望被認可和尊崇之領袖所領導的公司更有生產力，也更能獲利？ 有什麼特質可以區別謙卑但有效之領袖與那些尋求別人注意且想要獨佔成功的所有功勞之領袖？ 你認為一個人能如何培養謙卑、親切、為他人著想的態度和精神？註：若你有聖經且想要看有關此主題的其他經文，請看：箴言11章2節，13章10節，15章33節，16章19節，27章2節，27章21節；腓立比書2章8節；歌羅西書3章12節
NARCISSISM – AT A COST?
By Rick Boxx
What is the relationship between the egos of a company”s leaders and the success or profitability of the company? That is an interesting question that was examined during a study conducted by Australia’s Macquarie Graduate School of Management.
According to an article about the institution”s research, published on ChiefExecutive.net, the study discovered an interesting link between narcissism in CEOs and their company”s stock performance.
In particular, the study cited language commonly used by top corporate executives during their quarterly earnings communications with stockholders.
Those conducting the research examined which pronouns were typically used, such as "I" or "me," which would refer personally to the CEO, rather than "us" or "we," words that would typically refer more to the entire leadership team or even the company”s entire staff.
Although the study”s scope was focused primarily on Australia, the researchers determined the stock price of companies led by the least narcissistic CEOs – those less inclined to talk in terms of “I” or “me” – performed twice as well as their peers. Similar research was conducted in America. Although the contrast was not as profound, findings also showed the more humble leaders also outperformed their peers.
In today”s media we often see top executives appearing in TV, radio and print media commercials to promote their companies, along with their respective products and services. Often these leaders become celebrities in their own right. Celebrity status, however, does not always correlate with success.
This assessment was not totally surprising. In his book, Good to Great, author Jim Collins observed the best leaders – labeled as Level 5 Leaders – were “modest and willful, humble and fearless.” He explained they “never wanted to become larger-than-life heroes. They never aspired to be put on a pedestal or become unreachable heroes. They were seemingly ordinary people producing extraordinary results.”
Genuine humility is a recurring theme we see in the Bible, a virtue it shows is all too often lacking among top leaders. Here is a sampling of what it says in the wisdom book of Proverbs:
Humility precedes honor and averts disaster. Pride – the opposite of humility – can blind us to our shortcomings. Humility allows for honest self-appraisal, and also leaves room for the counsel and assistance of others. “Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall” (Proverbs 16:18). “Before his downfall a man”s heart is proud, but humility comes before honor” (Proverbs 18:12).
Humility can be rewarding. Although financial results should not be our reason for being humble, humility often does come with rewards. "The reward of humility and the fear of the LORD are riches, honor and life" (Proverbs 22:4).
Humility can lead to recognition. Attempts to bring attention to oneself can backfire, leading to disgrace rather than commendation. “Do not exalt yourself in the king”s presence, and do not claim a place among great men; it is better for him to say to you, “Come up here,” than for him to humiliate you before a nobleman” (Proverbs 25:6-7).
Copyright 2015, Integrity Resource Center, Inc. Adapted with permission from "Integrity Moments with Rick Boxx," a commentary on issues of integrity in the workplace from a Christian perspective.
Have you ever worked for someone you considered a narcissist, always attempting to call attention to himself or herself? If so, what was that like? How did you feel toward that person? Why do you think companies are often more productive and profitable under humble leadership than those under the direction of leaders who crave personal recognition and honor? What are some qualities that distinguish humble but effective leaders from those that seek attention and desire to receive all the credit for success? How do you think someone a person can cultivate a humble, gracious, others-oriented type of attitude and spirit?NOTE: If you have a Bible and would like to read more about this subject, consider the following passages: Proverbs 11:2, 13:10, 15:33, 16:19, 27:2, 27:21; Philippians 2:8; Colossians 3:12