需要一個持久不變的世界觀

By: Rick Boxx

許多大學和企業的訓練者是從「相對道德」的觀點教導商業倫理。基本上這意味著他們不相信客觀的真理;對他們而言,真理只存在於觀看者的眼中。因此,根據這種想法,只要一個人認為是對的,這就夠了。

對我個人而言,我不同意這種理念。若真理可以根據我們的個人欲望和喜好去塑造,那麼一個以肆無忌憚、掠奪性方式作生意的人,就和一個尋求維護誠信正直的最高標準之人一樣「道德」了。

聖經描述這類的信念系統是:「各人任意而行。」(士師記21章25節)。即使在幾千年前,人們就拒絕客觀真理的存在。這不是「現代」21世紀的觀念。

身為雇主,即使我們不採取相對道德,我們還是要記得每個人都有他自己的世界觀,而且他們是根據那世界觀行事為人。例如,若他們是自私的,他們就可能根據自己最大的利益做決定並行動。若他們是根據他們在家庭學到的價值觀作決定,那價值觀可能是好的──或者也可能不好。若你太晚才發現他們是被匪徒、騙子或罪犯教養長大的,要怎麼辦?你可能不希望他們的「家庭價值觀」被帶進你的公司!

雖然你無法改變或修正個別員工的世界觀,你可以清楚地表達你要你的企業或部門遵循什麼樣的「世界觀」來營運。這就是使命宣言、異象(願景)宣言、和價值宣言非常有用之處。他們寫出公司想要達成並維持的標準、政策、整體目標和目的。

這些宣言表達你的信念,管理你業務的基本原則,提供你希望達成的「大圖畫」,說出你們公司理解的真理。

在今天的工商專業界,我們許多人面對的一個大問題是本丟彼拉多所提出的,他是耶穌被釘十字架前審判祂的法官。彼拉多問:「真理是甚麼呢?」(約翰福音18章38節)。他認為真理──「正確」的世界觀──是憑個人主觀認定的。

然而,我的經驗教導我若每件事都是真的,那麼就沒有一件事是真的。我已學會唯一的真理是聖經,它經過時間的考驗,且能幫助你建立並鞏固你們公司的價值觀。詩篇119篇152節教導我們:「我因學你的法度,久已知道是你永遠立定的。」詩篇中有許多其他的經文也證實聖經中有持久不變的真理、戒律和原則。

若你想要監督或成為符合道德之職場的一份子,我建議你訂立一個能持續到永遠的世界觀,這世界觀不會根據一時的需要或社會變動的念頭而改變。聖經是你訂立世界觀的唯一來源。它不僅在第一世紀行得通──在21世紀也一樣。

本文版權為正直資源中心(Integrity Resource Center, Inc.)所有。本文獲得授權改編自「瑞克.博克思的正直時刻 Integrity Moments with Rick Boxx」。這系列的文章是以一個基督徒的觀點評論職場的正直議題。想要更多了解正直資源中心或想要收到電子文件的「瑞克每天的正直時刻 Rick”s daily Integrity Moments」系列文章,請上網www.integrityresource.org。他的書「如何生意興隆而不犧牲正直」提供人們正直地作生意的方法。

省思 / 討論題目
你對「相對道德」有何看法?你如何定義「真理」? 你認為一個人的世界觀會如何影響他的工作,以及面對他的經商責任? 你的公司是否有使命宣言,或者員工都有表達公司之價值觀或異象(願景)的文件?若有,那對每位員工看待他們在公司的角色有何影響?若無,你認為這種實際表達出的宣言是否有價值?為什麼? 本文作者說聖經應該是客觀、經得起時間考驗之真理的最終來源。你是否同意?請解釋。註:若你有聖經且想要看有關此主題的其他經文,請看:
詩篇19篇7-11節,119篇9-11節、33-37節、105節;箴言11章3節,13章6節;提摩太後書3章16-17節;希伯來書4章12節

NEED FOR AN ENDURING, UNCHANGING WORLDVIEW
By: Rick Boxx

Many universities and corporate trainers teach business ethics from a perspective sometimes referred to as "moral relativism." This basically means they do not believe in objective truth; to them, truth is in the eye of the beholder. As a result, according to this way of thinking, whatever an individual regards as right is good enough.

Personally, I disagree with this philosophy. If truth is something we can mold and shape according to our desires and preference, then the person that conducts business in an unscrupulous, predatory manner is as “ethical” as the individual that seeks to uphold the highest standards of honesty and integrity.

The Bible describes this type of belief system when it states, “everyone did what was right in his own eyes” (Judges 21:25). Even thousands of years ago, people rejected the existence of objective truth. This is not a “modern,” 21st century concept.

As an employer, even if we do not subscribe to moral relativism, it is important to remember everyone has their own worldview, and they live and act according to it. For instance, if they are self-absorbed, they will likely make decisions and act according to what benefits them most. If they make decisions based on family values they have learned, that could be good – or it could be bad. What if you discover too late that they were raised by mobsters, swindlers or criminals? You might not like those “family values” being brought into your company!

Although you cannot change or modify the worldviews of individual employees, you can seek to clearly communicate the “worldview” by which you want your business or department to be run. This is where mission statements, vision statements and value statements are extremely useful. They put on paper the standards, policies, overall goals and objectives the company desires to achieve and maintain.

These statements express your beliefs, the foundational principles that govern your practices, offer the “big picture” of what you hope to accomplish, and verbalize truth as your company perceives it.

A big question facing many of us in the business and professional world today is one that was raised by Pontius Pilate, who served as judge at the trial of Jesus before His crucifixion. Pilate asked, “What is truth?” (John 18:38). He was suggesting truth – and the “right” worldview – is whatever one wants it to be.

However, my experience has taught me that if everything is true, then nothing is true. I have learned the only objective truth that is time-tested and will help you in standardizing and solidifying your company values is the Bible. Psalm 119:152 teaches, "Long ago I learned from your statutes that you established them to last forever." Many other verses in that Psalm also affirm the enduring, unchanging truths, precepts and principles established in the Word of God.

If you desire to oversee or be part of an ethical workplace, I recommend you establish a worldview that lasts forever, one that does not change according to the need of the moment or shifting whims of society. The Scriptures provide the only source for that. They worked well in the 1st century – and they are good for the 21st century as well.

Copyright 2012, Integrity Resource Center, Inc. Adapted with permission from "Integrity Moments with Rick Boxx," a commentary on issues of integrity in the workplace from a Christian perspective. To learn more about Integrity Resource Center or to sign up for Rick”s daily Integrity Moments, visit www.integrityresource.org. His book, How to Prosper in Business Without Sacrificing Integrity, gives a biblical approach for doing business with integrity.

Reflection/Discussion Questions
What are your thoughts about “moral relativism”? How would you define “truth”? How do you think a person”s worldview affects how they work and approach their business responsibilities? Does your company have a mission statement, or expressions of its values or vision in written form that are available to employees? If so, what impact – if any – do they have on how everyone sees their role in the company? If not, do you think such tangible, verbalized statements would be of value? Why or why not? Mr. Boxx states the Bible should be the ultimate source of objective, time-tested truth? Do you agree? Explain your answer.NOTE: If you have a Bible and would like to read more about this subject, consider the following passages: Psalm 19:7-11, 119:9-11, 33-37, 105; Proverbs 11:3, 13:6; 2 Timothy 3:16-17; Hebrews 4:12

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