Wednesday, April 24, 2024

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職場與《聖經》的可信度──BUSINESS AND THE RELIABILITY OF THE BIBLE

我所負責的組織 – 非傳統商業網絡(Unconventional Business Network)的願景是希望見到100萬名商業領袖在他們的工作場所中樹立聖經原則的榜樣。因此,對《聖經》權威性的可信度的信任是重要的根基。最近,在面試一位求職者時,我問她對《聖經》的看法。她告訴我:「我相信《聖經》是神所啟示的,但肯定不是全部都是真的。」

由於對《聖經》教義的價值和真實性的信任是我們工作的核心,這位求職者的回答對我來說,是無法接受的觀點,也造成我無法任用她。我們在提摩太後書3章16節中讀到:聖經都是神所默示的,於教訓、督責、使人歸正、教導人學義都是有益的。《聖經》中的每一句話都是真實的,否則我們就是在取代神,否定了祂的話語。讓我來解釋一個縮寫詞,以幫助您相信《聖經》的相關性和實際應用。

美國基督教研究院(Christian Research Institute – CRI)院長漢克·漢尼葛夫(Hank Hanegraaff)使用首字母縮寫詞「MAPS」來強調對《聖經》可信度的信心。這些字母代表手抄本(Manuscripts)、考古學 (Archaeology)、預言(Prophecy)和統計(Statistics)。

代表手抄本(Manuscripts)。多年前,我曾造訪死海古卷的遺址。聖經抄寫者所使用,複製上帝話語的過程令人印象深刻。如果他們犯了任何錯誤,他們會立即將卷軸焚燒。歷史學家根據為數眾多的手抄本,對照原始文本與最早古老手抄本之間的時間間隔,與紀錄的一致性,來評估手抄本的真實性。相比於荷馬、塔西佗或亞里士多德等古典作家的手抄本,聖經有著更強有力的支持。詩篇19篇9節提到:「…耶和華的典章真實,全然公義。」歷史手抄本的證據壓倒性地證明了上帝話語的可信度。

代表考古學(Archaeology)。漢尼葛夫講述了一位名叫威廉·拉姆齊爵士的聖經懷疑論者的故事。拉姆齊受過考古學的訓練,他想要反駁《路加福音》的歷史可信度。令人諷刺的是,透過考古學和科學方法,《路加福音》中呈現的歷史陳述,一個接著一個都被證明是正確的,最後拉姆齊反而成為了一個基督徒。多年來,懷疑論的考古學家在質疑聖經時都被證明是錯誤的。想知道上帝的話語是否值得信賴和真實,只需問問那些曾試圖證明相反的考古學家。

代表預言(Prophecy)。聖經最令人驚奇的特點之一是它在實現之前數百年就作出的預言。在耶穌誕生之前,先知們對彌賽亞作出了50多個預言。耶穌完全應驗了這些預言,包括救主將由童貞女在伯利恆出生,以及彌賽亞將被釘在十字架上。沒有其他書籍可以提出這樣的主張。在申命記18章19節,上帝宣布 :「誰不聽他奉我名所說的話,我必討誰的罪。」

代表統計(Statistics)。一位名叫彼得·斯通納(Peter Stoner)的教授與600名學生一起計算了耶穌基督僅僅八個預言成就的概率,結果是十萬億分之一,考慮到他還完成了其他40多個預言,如果這些預言都不成立的話,那麼這些預言全部由一個人來實現的可能性是幾乎不存在的。統計數據證明了《聖經》的可信度。

上帝的話語已經證明了它的可信度。我們可以相信它不僅是事實準確的,而且它的智慧和原則足以引導我們在日常工作的責任和挑戰。

備註:本篇週一嗎哪與2023.01.02內容相類似。

@2023版權所有,經許可改編自 “UBN誠信時刻”,關於職場工作中信仰議題的評論。UBN(非常規企業聯盟)是一個服務小型企業界的國際性職場信仰事工。UBN的官網: www.unconventionalbusiness.org

備註:如果你有聖經,想閱讀更多相關的內容,請參考下面的經文(因篇幅有限,請查閱未列出之經文詩篇119篇33-36節)

詩篇119篇9-11節
119:9   少年人用什麼潔淨他的行為呢?是要遵行你的話!
119:10我一心尋求了你;求你不要叫我偏離你的命令。
119:11我將你的話藏在心裡,免得我得罪你。
以弗所書 6章17節
6:17   並戴上救恩的頭盔,拿著聖靈的寶劍,就是神的道;
帖撒羅尼迦前書 2章13節
2:13  為此,我們也不住地感謝神,因你們聽見我們所傳神的道就領受了;不以為是人的道,乃以為是神的道。這道實在是神的,並且運行在你們信主的人心中。
希伯來書4章12節
4:12  神的道是活潑的,是有功效的,比一切兩刃的劍更快,甚至魂與靈、骨節與骨髓,都能刺入、剖開,連心中的思念和主意都能辨明。
彼得後書1章20-21節
1:20  第一要緊的,該知道經上所有的預言沒有可隨私意解說的;
1:21  因為預言從來沒有出於人意的,乃是人被聖靈感動,說出神的話來。

反省與問題討論

  1. 如果有人問你對聖經的看法,以及它的權威性和可信度,你會如何回答?請解釋你的答案。
  2. 你認為古代聖經原始文本的手抄本認證,以及考古學發現證實聖經中的事實陳述,為什麼很重要?
  3. 預測經常被使用,其中一些被證明是真實的,而其他一些則被證明是錯誤的。你對於預測彌賽亞的55個舊約預言有什麼看法?這些預言都被耶穌基督應驗了。你認為所有預言全部在一個人身上實現,可能是巧合還是偶然嗎?請解釋你的答案。
  4. 正如 Boxx 先生所主張的,手抄本、考古學、預言和統計數據都指向聖經作為上帝所啟示的話語之真實可信。但是,如果我們要考慮和應用聖經中的教導和原則,來指導我們在職場的行為方式,你認為這有甚麼重要性呢?


BUSINESS AND THE RELIABILITY OF THE BIBLE

By Rick Boxx

The vision of the organization I direct, Unconventional Business Network, is to see one million business leaders modeling biblical principles in their workplaces. Therefore, trust in the authority and reliability of the Bible is foundational. Recently while interviewing a job candidate, I asked the applicant about her view of the Bible. She told me, “I believe the Bible is inspired by God, but certainly not all true.”

Since trust in the value and veracity of biblical teachings is at the heart of what we do, the applicant’s response was a deal breaker for me. We read in 2 Timothy 3;16, “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness.”  Either every word of the Bible is true, or we put ourselves in the place of God by overruling some of His Word. Let me unpack an acronym to help you trust in the relevance and practical application of the Bible.

Hank Hanegraaff, president of the Christian Research Institute, uses the acronym “MAPS” to underscore confidence in the Bible’s reliability. The letters stand for Maps, Archaeology, Prophecy, and Statistics.

Mstands for ManuscriptsYears ago, I visited the site of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The process the scribes used to copy God’s Word was impressive. If they made any mistake, they immediately burned the scroll. Historians gauge the veracity of a manuscript according to the volume of manuscripts and the time span between the originals and earliest manuscripts. The Bible has stronger support than those of classical writers like Homer, Tacitus, or Aristotle. Psalm 19:9 says, “The rules of the Lord are true, and righteous altogether.” Historical manuscript evidence overwhelmingly proves the reliability of God’s Word.

A stands for Archaeology. Hanegraaff tells the story of a biblical skeptic named Sir William Ramsay. Trained as an archaeologist, Ramsay set out to disprove the historical reliability of the book of Luke. Ironically, Ramsay became a Christian as – one after another — the historical statements presented in Luke were proved accurate through archaeology and the scientific method. Over the years, skeptical archaeologists have been proven wrong when they have disputed the Bible. Wondering whether God’s Word is trustworthy and true? Just ask archaeologists who have tried to prove otherwise.

P stands for Prophecy. Among the Bible’s most remarkable attributes are predictions made hundreds of years before they came true. Before Jesus’ birth, prophets made over 50 predictions about the Messiah. He fulfilled them all, including the Savior would be born to a virgin in Bethlehem and the Messiah would be crucified. No other book can make such claims. In Deuteronomy 18:19 God declares, “I myself will call to account anyone who does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name.” 

S stands for Statistics. A professor named Peter Stoner worked with 600 students to calculate the probability of just eight prophecies of Jesus Christ being fulfilled. The result is 1 in 10,036. Considering that He fulfilled more than 40 other prophecies, that makes those odds astronomically impossible that they all could have been fulfilled by one individual if not valid.  Statistics prove the Bible’s reliability.

God’s Word has proven itself to be reliable. We can trust that it is not only factual, but also that its wisdom and principles are more than sufficient for guiding us in our daily work responsibilities and challenges.

Copyright 2023, Unconventional Business Network. Adapted with permission from “UBN Integrity Moments”, a commentary on faith at work issues. Visit www.unconventionalbusiness.org. UBN is a faith at work ministry serving the international small business community.

Reflection/Discussion Questions

  1. If someone were to ask you about your view of the Bible, its authority and reliability, how would you respond? Explain your answer.
  2. Why do you think it matters that the ancient manuscripts that comprise the original texts for the Bible have been verified as authentic, as well as archaeological findings that confirm statements of fact in the Bible?
  3. Predictions are made all the time. Some of them prove to be true, others turn out to be false. What are your thoughts about the 55 Old Testament prophecies – predictions – looking ahead to the Messiah that all were fulfilled by Jesus Christ? Do you think all of them combined could have come true in the life of one person by chance or coincidence? Why or why not?
  4. As Mr. Boxx asserts, the manuscripts, archaeology, prophecies, and statistics all point to the authenticity and genuineness of the Bible as the inspired Word of God. But why do you think that is significant if we are to consider and apply biblical teachings and principles for guiding how we conduct ourselves in the workplace?

NOTE: If you have a Bible and would like to read more, consider the following passages:

Psalm 119:9-11, 33-36; Ephesians 6:17; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; Hebrews 4:12; 2 Peter 1:20-21



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